Western Douglas Spirea - bare root 18"/24"
Spiraea douglasii - Bare root 18"/24"
Habit: many stemmed, fast growing, rhizomatous deciduous shrub with shiny green leaves that are oval and toothed toward the tip and white-woolly beneath. Western spirea’s small pink to rose colored flowers are fragrant and grouped together to make a rounded spike like inflorescence (panicle) appearing fuzzy due to the long stamen in the individual flowers. Blooms between June and September, fruit is a follicle.
Ecology: found mainly in riparian habitats such as streambanks, bogs and wetlands, as well as in moist coniferous forests up to 6500 ft (2000 m).
Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade, well drained moist to wet soil. It is tolerant of permanently waterlogged soils and seasonal flooding, although it can also be somewhat drought tolerant if grown in semi shade.
Good for wildlife to browse and can help stabilize streambank erosion. Spiraea douglasii can be aggressive by forming dense impenetrable thickets in riparian areas.
Rugosa Rose - (*Non-native) bare root 12"/18"
Rosa Rugosa - Bare root 12"/18"
*We've chosen to sell this non-native due to its extreme drought tolerance and ability to thrive in harsh, rocky sites*
This wildflower is a branching woody shrub about 2-6' tall. Older branches are woody, brown, and glabrous, while young shoots are light green and densely hairy. Both branches and shoots are covered with straight prickles of varying lengths. Alternate compound leaves occur along young shoots; they are widely spreading and odd-pinnate with 5-9 leaflets. The leaflets are about 1-2½" long and about one-half as much across; they are oblong-ovate or oblong-obcordate, crenate-serrate along their margins, and rather thick-textured. The upper surfaces of the leaflets are dark green, hairless, shiny, and conspicuously wrinkled along their veins, while their lower surfaces are more whitish green from dense pubescence. The central stalk (rachis) of each compound leaf is light green and pubescent; its underside has small prickles.
Cascara - bare root 4'/5'
Rhamnus purshiana - Bare root 4'/5'
Habit: commonly found growing as a small tree, occasionally more shrub like. The bark is gray and smooth to the touch. Shiny green leaves clustered near the ends of twigs are oval with veins indenting the leaf to make the surface wavy. The leaves are typically deciduous, although in warmer climates the plant can hold onto them as though they were semi-deciduous. The flowers are small and greenish yellow, borne in the leaf axils in loose clusters. The bright red fruit is small and quickly ripens to bluish black. Leaves turn light orange to yellow in the fall.
Ecology: found along the Pacific Coast from British Columbia south into California, and inland to Montana, in shady forests and chaparral woodlands under 6500 ft (2000 m).
Growing Conditions: full sun to full shade, in moist to semi dry soil.
Birds love the berries. Found as the main ingredient in the natural laxative ‘Cascara Sagrada’, and promoted for healthy colons.
Red Twig Dogwood - bare root 18"/24"
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea - Bare Root 18"/24"
Habit: grows in an upright rounded form, spreads easily through vegetative reproduction, creating large thickets. Stems are bright red throughout the winter turning to green when the leaves emerge. Leaves are oval with deeply indented veination and turn red-purple in the fall. Flowers appear in early summer in flat showy clusters with individual flowers creamy white and tiny. Berry-like fruit ripens from white to pale blue.
Ecology: occuring across most of North America in low meadows, riparian zones, along forest margins, and within open woods, as part of the understory.
Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade, in moist soil with medium to poor drainage. Tolerates seasonal flooding.
Can be planted for habitat improvement, windbreaks, and erosion control. Red twig dogwood is an important browse for large mammals, while smaller mammals and birds use the fruit as a food source. Also used as basket weaving material.
Red Elderberry - bare root medium crown
Sambucus racemosa - Bare Root medium crown
Habit: upright deciduous shrub with a broad arching form and many branches. The bark is dark reddish/brown, coarse and covered in small blisters. Leaves are pinnately compound comprised of 5-7 elongated leaflets with toothed margins. Inflorescences are pyramidal shaped clusters of many small creamy white flowers that bloom between April and July. The fruit is a small bright red berry that appears in summer.
Ecology: found in much of North America usually in cooler and moist areas inhabiting streambanks, ravines, swamps and open logged areas at elevations from sea level to 9500 ft (2895 m).
Growing Conditions: full sun to fairly deep shade in well drained moist to wet soil.
Stems, bark, leaves and roots contain cyanide-producing toxins but berries may be consumed as jelly or wine after cooking. Sambucus racemosa provides food and cover for birds and other mammals and the flower nectar attracts hummingbirds. The dense root system makes it useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on moist sites.
Oregon White Oak - bare root 18"/24"
Quercus garryana - Bare Root 18"/24"
Habit: this heavy limbed oak can grow to great heights reaching 75 ft (25 m) or more. The crown is broad spreading, open and rounded. The mature bark is light gray, thick, and furrowed in a checker-like pattern. The upper surface of the leaf is shiny and dark green but the underneath side is paler and hairy. They are simple (not divided) with 6-11 rounded deep lobes that are up to 5 in (12 cm). Flowering takes place from March to May and are small drooping male catkins or female pistillate (lacks stamens) flowers are either singular or in small clusters. Fruit is an oblong acorn 1-1.5 in (2-3 cm) long that mature in one year between August and November. The leaves turn yellow brown in the fall.
Ecology: found in the Northwest to Southern California, from 980-5900 ft (300-1800 m) in montane coniferous forests, woodland slopes, dry prairies and dry rocky areas. Oregon oak takes the form of a shrub on nutrient-poor soils and drier sites.
Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade and a variety of soils ranging from dry to very moist and poor to rapidly draining. Mature Oregon white oaks are not considered shade tolerant. Likes dry soil in the summer.
Height at 20 yrs: 20 ft
Mature Height: 80 ft.
Oregon oak is a valuable source of food, habitat and cover for many different types of wildlife. The acorns are edible, but need to be leached of the tannins first.
Always seek advice from a professional before consuming or using a plant medicinally.
Photo credit: "Quercus garryana -- (Oregon white oak)" by steven.k.sullivan is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0, "Yamhill County Rancher Restores Native Oregon White Oak Habitat" by NRCS Oregon is licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0
Douglas Fir - plug
Habit: fast growing with a narrow conical shape and horizontal branches with pendulous branchlets. The bark is dark gray-brown, thick and fissured with large plates. Shiny yellow-green to blue green leaves are needle like and 1 in (2.5 cm) long singularly arranged in two irregular rows and very fragrant. Male cones are oblong, red to yellow, female cones red both occurring near branch ends. Cones are characteristic having thin scales and three pronged bracts reaching beyond scales.
Ecology: found in large pure stands in moist to dry open forests in the Pacific Northwest from British Columbia to California at elevations from near sea level along the coast to above 5000 ft (1524 m) in the Cascades.
Growing Conditions: full sun in moist well-drained soil
State tree of Oregon. Douglas-fir seeds are an extremely important food source for small mammals and a variety of birds.
Willamette Valley Pine (Ponderosa) - Plug
Pinus ponderosa - Plug
Habit: this is a fast growing, long lived conifer with a conical to rounded crown. Branches usually exist only on the upper half of the tree. The bark on younger trees is dark brown to black; as it ages, it turns a beautiful rusty brown and orange color with a scent of butterscotch. Green needle like leaves are in fascicles of three and 5-10 in (12-26 cm) long. Needles remain on the tree for only 3-4 years with major needle drop occurring in September and October. The seed cones are woody and have spiny tipped scales.
Ecology: found from Southern Canada to Northern Mexico and east into the Dakotas, in open dry forests at elevations between 500-7500 ft (150-2300 m).
Growing Conditions: full sun, in well-drained rocky soil. Cold hardy and drought tolerant once established.
This tree with its native understory is an excellent erosion control cover. It is one of the best evergreens for windbreaks. It provides a food source for birds and small mammals. Morphologically similar to Pinus jeffrey, with few differences and growing better at lower elevations. The tallest Pinus ponderosa was recently discovered in Southern Oregon, surpassing the otherwise tallest Pinus lambertiana, making the ponderosa the tallest pine in the world.
Oregon Ash - bare root 6"/12"
Bare Root 6"/12"
This beautiful member of the olive family is found in riparian areas, often alongside Black Cottonwood, willows and Red Alder. It is an excellent species for reclamation projects. Native to coastal Washington and Oregon and the mountain ranges of California, it is hardy to USDA zones 6-9. At full maturity, Oregon Ash reaches 40 – 80,’ with stiff branches and long axils of 5-9 small leaflets. In fall the leaves turn yellow. Oregon ash prefers full sun and a moist site but it will tolerate some shade and seasonal flooding.
Habit: this deciduous tree is medium sized, symmetrical in shape, growing about half as wide as it is tall. The young bark is thin, smooth, and gray-green becoming gray-brown, thick and furrowed with age. The olive green leaves are large, pinnately compound with 5-7 leaflets each reaching up to 5 in. (12 cm) long, margins are smooth, and the underneath side is covered in short hairs. Male and female flowers are found on separate trees in clusters blooming before leaves appear in spring, fruit on female trees is a one winged samara. Leaves turn a vivid yellow in the fall.
Ecology: Oregon ash prefers the damp, loose soils, of riparian zones, and places that are occasionally flooded. It grows from sea level to 3000 ft (910 m) in elevation, and up to 5577 ft (1700 m) in it’s southern range in California.
Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade in poorly drained moist to wet soil, roots are shallow and spreading.
Oregon ash is the only native Fraxinus to the Pacific Northwest. Great for revegetating wet areas. Used by wildlife for food and shelter. Birds, squirrels, and an occasional mouse consider the seeds a delicacy.
Nootka Rose - bare root 18"/24"
Rosa nutkana - Bare Root 18"/24"
This delightful native rose has large, bright, orange hips and clusters of one to three 2" pink flowers with a sweet, almost cinnamon scent. Nootka Rose grows very fast, reaching 3-6' and spreading by suckers to form dense thickets, where birds seek shelter and build their nests.Found from Alaska to California and east to Utah and Colorado, Nootka Rose is hardy from USDA zones 4-9. It likes moisture, but not boggy conditions, and full sun.It is a border plant, found where the forest meets the field, road or sea shore.
Drought-tolerant, sun to part-shade/sun, Food source for native butterfly caterpillars and native wildlife; food source, shelter, or nesting sites for birds; Among species considered to be the most valuable wildlife plants by ODFW Naturescaping (2001) reference.
Nectar source for butterflies
Pacific Ninebark - bare root 6"/12"
Physocarpus capitatus - Bare Root 6"/12"
Habit: erect, multiple stemmed shrub with yellowish-reddish-brown bark, that peels off in thin layers. The shiny dark green leaves have 3-5 large pointy-toothed lobes, with star shaped hairs on the lower surface. Each inflorescence produces a large rounded cluster composed of 20-40 small white flowers with long yellowish brown stamen. The fruit, a brown capsule in rounded clusters, tends to remain on the plants. In the fall leaves turn red to orange. Flowers appear between April and June or July.
Ecology: found in moist places near lakes, streams, wetlands, open swampy areas and damp woods, from Alaska to Northern California and west into Idaho at low to mid elevations.
Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade, in moist to wet soil.
Pacific ninebark’s fibrous roots make it particularly valuable for stream bank and lakeshore stabilization. It also provides good cover and nesting sites for birds and small mammals.
Mock Orange - 1 gal.
Only a few left!
Habit: this is an erect, open and spreading shrub with a fibrous root system and light brown bark that peels away in strips. Leaves are dark green and opposite, sometimes with small hairs below, margins either entire or with widely spaced shallow teeth. The fragrant flowers are borne singular along the stem or in small clusters at the tips of branches. Four creamy white petals surround a multitude of pale yellow stamen. Fruit is a small dark brown capsule. Blooms from late spring to mid summer.
Ecology: found in the Pacific Northwest and eastward into Montana, Philadelphus lewisii prefers riparian zones, north and east facing canyon slopes, and forest openings, usually under 4900 ft (1500 m).
Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade, in well-drained moist soil to dry soil. Drought tolerant once established.
Mock orange is the state flower of Idaho. Can be used as a hedge, is fire tolerant, and can be planted on slopes having erosion issues. Excellent cover and habitat for wildlife. Captain Meriwether Lewis first collected the plant in 1806.
Indian Plum - 1 gal.
Habit: deciduous shrub with many long, slender stems and long oval, light green leaves, and smooth margins. Bark is a dark purplish-brown color. Shrubs are either male or female (dioecious). Male flowers are more striking than the female, larger and more white. Female flowers appear greener. Fruit is in small clusters of peachy orange colored fruits that ripen to bluish black, each about the size and shape of an olive. Blooms in late winter just as the leaves are appearing, March to April. Can spread rapidly by underground suckers.
Ecology: found in the Pacific Northwest from British Columbia south to California in open areas such as roadsides, dry to moist forests and near the edges of water at elevations lower than 5500 ft (1700 m).
Growing Conditions: full sun to full shade, in moist to dry soil, with planting in a space where there is room to expand. Prefers the rich humus soils.
Fruit are edible, but bitter until perfectly ripe. The flowers attract hummingbirds, and other birds and small mammals enjoy eating the fruit as they ripen.
Oregon Grape - 1 gal.
Habit: this large Mahonia grows upright with irregular spreading branches. The holly-like dark glossy green leaves are evergreen and pinnately compound comprised of 5-9 leathery ruffled leaflets, with serrated margins and spiny teeth. In certain weather conditions such as cold, sun and wind the leaves turn a deep red color. The yellow flowers are fragrant and congregate in small spikes on the tips of branches. Fruit is dark blue-purple with a resemblance to grape clusters. Blooms between March and May.
Ecology: found growing on canyon slopes and in coniferous forests, chaparral and oak woodlands at elevations less than 7200 ft (2200 m).
Growing Conditions: full sun to full shade with moist soil, having the ability to be drought tolerant once established, cold hardy.
State flower of Oregon.
Twinberry - bare root 6"/12"
Lonicera involucrata - Bare Root 6"/12"
Habit: fast growing, upright, deciduous shrub with oval shaped opposite leaves that are often hairy beneath. The yellow tubular flowers are tinged with red and borne in pairs, surrounded be a pair of leafy bracts that turn from green to red when the berries ripen into black in August. Lonicera involucrata blooms between April and August.
Ecology: commonly found in the Western United States and occasionally found near the Great Lakes. Growing from low to sub alpine elevations in moist forests, open clearings, riparian habitats and high altitude meadows.
Growing Conditions: full sun or shade, medium textured soil that is kept moist or wet, cold hardy. Drought tolerant once established.
Twinberry attracts hummingbirds, bees and butterflies and birds browse the berries.
Western Serviceberry - bare root 18"/24"
Amelanchier alnifolia - Bare Root 18"/24"
Habit: a small tree/shrub with deep green foliage and striking white flowers in mid spring. Its growth form is typically multi-stemmed forming dense thickets that slowly spread by rhizomes or rooting branch ends. It is also known to resemble a small single or multi-stemmed tree, 3-26 ft (1-8m) tall, with smooth brown bark.
Ecology: adaptable to most soil types and locations from sea level to sub alpine elevations including rocky bluffs and shorelines to open woods, meadows and thickets.
Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade and moist to dry soil, very drought tolerant; prefers well-drained sites.
The 1/4″ edible berries that follow the flowers start out red, and mature to black-blue. It finishes with great fall color, with leaves turning red, orange or yellow. The berries provide food for mammals and birds, and the dense growth provides shelter.